Rational and strong population policies have always been spread to manipulate the mechanism of population growth. It is although believed that; lower fertility rate brings the social and economic advantage to population.
In the whole world, Pakistan has become 6th country in increasing population with population growth rate 2.05% and fertility rate 3.5 per woman. The projected population of Pakistan at present time is 188 million. Pakistan can retain their 6th position in the year 2050 if its population increases 1.95%, which is higher than South Asian countries average growth rate. Though, to control the population of Pakistan, government are introducing many programmes like Reproductive Health Services Centers (RHS-A), Family Welfare Centers (FWC) and Regional Training Institutes and Mobile Services Unit. Unfortunately, due to illiteracy among rural area’s women, religious and cultural restrictionseveral programmes could not get their desire outcomes. Female education plays an important role in country’s prosperity as well women’s education has worth effect on fertility. It is always noticed that women having lower children are educated as compared to uneducated women.
On Tuesday, the documentary “the population emergency” shows commitment of Pakistan since five decades long to Universal Health Coverage for planning of family. National Health Services Ministry declared its purpose to launch institutional agreement for the execution of the proposal involved in the documentary.
State minister of health Saira Afzal heartily welcomed the proposal and emphasized how control on population growth in Pakistan is important. Prelaunch screening of documentary made by NGO think tank Heartfile, Saira Afzal said:
“We have been looking forward to its release, and will formulate a three-member committee to take its recommendations forward”
The most important part of the documentary is to highlight the function of government post devolution, especially supply-chain management related responsibilities. This documentary displays every part of the service-delivery chain, including information systems, human resource, governance, supply chain, financing.
This Documentary based on the investigation done by the founder of Heartfile, Dr. Sania Nishtar. She said:
“Today, Pakistan’s exploding population is the real crisis that threatens the prosperity of our generations. In the face of resource scarcity, constrained economic opportunities and joblessness, population growth is simply pushing youth further into the hands of terrorists, gangs and mafias. It is fueling a fire that is raving our country. The country is literally bursting at the seams. We must stabilize our population. This is not just an imperative for women’s health, well-being and poverty reduction; it is also necessary for progress and development, and for the security of our nation.”
Dr. Saba Amjad who is Heartfile Project manager illustrated that the documentary will make public officially after few weeks.
In any country, Demographic imbalance occurs due to increase in a number of inhabitants while resources are insufficient to fulfill their requirements. Due to fact of higher population, Pakistan has become the luckiest country in sense of the world’s largest youth bulge country with an age range from 15 to 49(48%) and 56% of age range from 15 to 64 (productive age group). This younger generation of any country considered as a sign of prosperity, as they can play a significant role in country’s prosperity due to their experience and education. Youth generation can be an asset of the country if they get training, education and balanced diet properly. However, the aim for fertility reduction is not fulfilled due to low socio-economic development, political instability and ineffective population policies.
During 20th century in Pakistan, fertility declining was happened due to several factors such as increased literacy, overall socio-economic development and female educational achievement and high promotion of family planning programmes. in conclusion, We should promote women’s education in every part of Pakistan not by dependent on Government but also by self which can easily eradicate the increasing population issue from Pakistan.
- Atif Ali Jafferi et al, impact of Population Growth on Current Account Balance of Pakistan
- Naushin Mahmood Population and Development Demographic Research at PIDE
- Muhammad Asif Wazir Population Dynamics in Pakistan: Past, Present and Future
- Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2012-2013