Biodiversity Fauna Mammals


Written by Talha Rasheed

Earth is one of the most distinctive planet in the solar system due to the diversity of life found on it. The presence of large number of different forms of species is one of its most vital attribute that differ it from other planets and made it attractive and unique.

Do we think ever what would happened if all the species would vanish one by one in turn? This could be examine by considering the situation when a member would loss from a family where then only a feeling of impotent remains. Similar is the case with some of the species on the land that are in danger to be extinct or vanish either due to the human intervention or Natural disaster. One of such specie which is in danger now-a-days is Axis porcinus commonly known as Hog deer.

Hog deer are a relatively small deer with mature stags (male) standing at around 65cm at the shoulder and weighing about 45kg while Hinds (female) standing at around 60cm and weigh approximately 35kg. They have a uniform yellowish to reddish-brown coat with a slightly darker under body. The tail is white underneath and at the tip. In their native range, they are associated with major river system and floodplains. They primarily inhabit riverine forest and grasslands and can be found near coastal areas.

Hog deer are grazers that feed on grasses, sedges, improved pastures and fresh water marsh plants and alluvial grasslands. Solitary in habit and rely on highly developed sense of hearing and smelling to avoid predators. When alarmed, they vocalize before retreating to near by cover.

Two sub-species of Hog deer are recognized as Axis porcinus porcinus (the western race) ranges from Pakistan through Nepal and Northern India into Mayanmar and Axis porcinus anntamiticus ranges from Thailand through Laos, Kampochea (cambodia) and Vietnam. They are also been reported in Yunnan in China but from which specie they belong is still unknown. Some also found in Sri lanka and Western country due to the export to these countries. But unfortunately 2006 survey showed that they are rapidly decline from these areas and thought to extinct in Cambodia but small population has been recently discovered in Kratie province close to the established dolphin view points at Kampi-pool .

According to the 2007 IUCN Red list, it has been listed under endangered specie. The reason behind this is habitat destruction as a result of increased urbanization, agriculture and forestry, as well as unsustainable hunting and the establishment of plantations in grasslands outside protected areas are marked as the most prominent activity that negatively harm Hog deer population. Much of the hunting is done for recreational purposes and also to provide venison to the local market.

In order to save this specie from complete extinction a comprehensive plan should be prepared in order to conserve the species prioritizing habitat conservation. Further, killing of the species for various purposes should be prevented by enforcing the laws efficiently.

We should respect and care for each specie on this land and should be conscious about their security as we all are members of the same family, i.e. Animalia.





About the author

Talha Rasheed

Here I am........Its me Talha Rasheed doing BS-BIOLOGY from Preston university Islamabad. I am curious, intellectual, hardworking, crazy and mad. Mad you have to be if you are passionate and sincere with your work. I want to become a scientist and reformer who by his astonishing work brings reform in the society. You can know me more by my writings.... :)