Severe heat waves are causing catastrophe in Karachi and southern Sindh, more than 700 people are already dead (officials). Condition got worst when the electric grid crashed in Karachi.
Some basic tips to stay cool can be adopted to decline the death rates in Karachi. When heat waves struck your area it’s pretty important to stay hydrated, use plenty of water and beverages. Infants, elderly people and someone having chronic diseases tends to be more susceptible to heat wave illnesses, because they can easily get dehydrated.
Wear light colored cotton or lawn cloths with loose fitting. Light weighted breathable clothing allows ventilation and keeps body cool. Avoid going outdoors at intense heat hour, properly cover your body and use an umbrella if go outside. Direct heat damages the skin and internal body organs.
Beat the heat by using cooling foods like water rich fruits and vegetables like melon and cucumbers that hydrate the body and keep the body temperature low. Eat green leafy vegetables containing calcium which play an important role in thermoregulatory processes. Whole grains are natural tranquilizers containing magnesium, which relax nerve cells and body muscles, it also helps body to maintain constant body temperature.
Take frequent showers, spray water on your face after being outdoors. Put damp to wet cloth or light cap on your head when outdoors, especially homeless people. At night, wet a light bedsheet (chaddar) and use it as a blanket or spread it on the bed or the floor and sleep on it.
Always find a basement to spend your afternoon, basement always tends to be about 10- 15 C cooler. Homeless people can also find an old big tree shade to spend their heat hours. At night stay away from heavy lights, turn off your lights and other appliances who produce heat. Street people find some place away from street lights or other heat producing machineries.
Follow the precautions and stay save, because you are the treasure of Pakistan.
20 hot tips to stay cool By NATASHA COURTNAY-SMITH and CHARLOTTE DOVEY, Daily Mail
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-191204/20-hot-tips-stay cool.html#ixzz3doiZKjgz
Fauci, Anthony S., et al. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008.