Environment

Climate Change and Pakistan

Written by Afeera Jehan

Climatic change- is a long term change in earth’s climate or weather patterns like increased or decreased atmospheric temperature, rainfall, wind pattern and increase of particular gases like CO2, CH4 gases. A change of climate is directly or indirectly related to human activities that alters the composition of global atmosphere and causing variability in natural climate that usually cause harmful effects. Climate change is evolving as one of the leading environmental problems and humankind’s greatest threat to modern times and its impact occurs in the form of extreme weather events like storm floods and drought. Pakistan facing numerous socio-economic challenges but nowadays most complex challenge likely to influence our current and upcoming generations is climate change. Pakistan is severely impacted by adverse effects of climatic change like Glaciers melt in the Himalayas that is responsible for increase flooding that will affect water resources within two or three eras. People across the Pakistan are now experiencing unpredictable rainfall, increase temperature and changes of the seasons. Such as, increased rainfall occur in Punjab and decreased rainfall in Sindh and Balochistan that harshly affect the agriculture crops.
Nowadays, people of Karachi are experiencing the heat waves and that heat took away many lives. Karachi tackles worst summer in decades as a result of chronic shortage of water and power outages. Now, questions are arising that from where this heat coming? And how can it kill people? With the views of Dr Qamaruz Zaman Chaudhry, a former head of the PMD and now a climate change expert in Pakistan, who says that the heat wave is “unusual” and is “one of the manifestations of climate change”. Basically heat wave is due to a low-pressure system out at sea, the sea breeze has not flown towards the city leading to a spike in temperatures, Dr Ghulam Rasul, Director General of Pakistan’s Meteorological Department (PMD), says:
“A low pressure system developed over the Arabian Sea, and the winds blew towards the low pressure area, from the coast to the sea. The wind flow pattern reversed, as winds blew to fill up the low pressure area developing over the sea”.
In order to avoid such circumstances we have to work ourselves. No government taking any action on the issues on food, water, energy resources and extreme weather. No one came to save us so we have to prepare ourselves. We should plant trees and improving forest management. Outdoor activities should be restricted until the heat wave is subsided. We should spread awareness related to heat waves and other illness and increasing access to high quality information about the impacts of climate change. School, high schools and universities curriculum should be designed with major focus on climate change, its consequences and how to manage available natural resources sustainably in order to raise public awareness on this issue. Only then we would be able to leave a society for our coming generations where they can prosper in harmony with nature.
REFERENCES
http://ecowatch.com/2015/07/06/pakistan-heatwave-climate-change/
http://www.pakissan.com/english/issues/pakistan.wilts.under.record.heat.wave.shtml
http://pakjas.com.pk/papers/1966.pdf
http://www.lead.org.pk/cc/basicguide_climate_change.html

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About the author

Afeera Jehan

I'm Afeera Jehan, studying M.sc in Microbiology from university of Karachi. I am interested in writing research articles, blog, traveling and exploring the globe. :D